The subject of homework is surrounded by arguments today. Some people claim that it is useless and should be abolished. Others support the idea that homework is the key tool for teaching, and it is only through it that children can truly learn.
It is difficult to determine which side is right because the statistical data surrounding the issue isn’t accurate. There are too many factors that affect the processes of studying and grading, so it’s impossible to say whether homework is indeed the key element that improves children’s performance. Grading systems in schools are far from being perfect. This is another problem that makes assessing the actual level of homework efficiency very difficult.
According to various studies, academic achievements of elementary school students aren’t connected to homework. The figures change as children get older. This means that in the beginning of their school career, homework does nothing to help students improve their academic performance. This happens due to their lack of well-developed study habits. Younger children get distracted easily, so even when they do their homework, they aren’t focused enough to actually learn from it.
In order for it to be effective, the homework load must be limited. For elementary school children, the time they spend working on it every day shouldn’t be more than 30 minutes. Junior high school students can up this limit to 90 minutes per day. This is the highest acceptable level, as spending more time on homework will only reduce the child’s scores in the long run. High school students should be able to spend up to two and a half hours working on their homework without diminishing their overall academic performance. However, these cases vary, as they are influenced by many factors such as:
People who support the idea of homework claim that it not only helps children improve academically, but it also allows them to develop self-organization skills. Those who argue its efficiency focus on the fact that it distracts students from focusing on their other achievements. The fact that it prevents them from indulging in various leisure activities often results in children developing resentment towards homework and school in general. This is another argument used by those who oppose homework, and refuting it is very difficult.
So should children be assigned homework?
There is no definite “right” answer to this question, as every child’s situation is unique. However, if the amount of assignments doesn’t exceed a certain level, the results should be positive more often than not.
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